The Basic Parts of a Sprinkler System

Irrigation Controller

If you want your lawn to be lush, healthy and vibrant, you will need more than just a hose. You need to have a system that can help you maintain a consistent schedule and something that can help you control the amount of water getting to your lawn. Too little moisture could dry it out – too much could drown it.

If all of this sounds too much to keep track of, don’t worry. Automated sprinkler systems are specifically designed to help you maintain your lawn and plants all throughout the year.

In order to operate sprinklers properly, you need to understand the main parts that make up the system. You need to be familiar with things like irrigation controllers, solenoid valves and spray heads. To help you out, we’re going to discuss the basic components that you’ll find in a modern sprinkler system.

Irrigation Controller

The irrigation controller is what you will use to control all aspects of your sprinkler system. It controls the flow of the water, the solenoid valves and the sprinkler heads. With modern irrigation control systems, you can also set a scheduled time for the sprinklers to activate. This will help you be more consistent with watering your lawn and your plants throughout the year. Also, with an automated system, you’ll also be able to take care of your greens while you’re away for a business trip or a vacation.

If you decide to get a smart irrigation controller, you’ll have even more automated features to take advantage of. For example, smart controllers typically have rain sensors. If the sensors recognise that there’s a lot of water coming from the skies, it will automatically turn off. In the long run, this can save you quite a bit of money on water bills.

Additionally, most smart irrigation controllers can be controlled via a mobile app. With this app, you can monitor your sprinkler system while you’re at work or on holiday.

Control Valves

Valves will help you segment your sprinkler system into different zones. By organising your valves in a specific way, you’ll be able to isolate specific parts of your system and operate them separately.

In most sprinkler systems, some valves can be operated manually and some valves can be operated remotely. Manual valves typically come in the form of ball and gate valves. They can be opened and closed by hand or via a screwdriver. Solenoid valves, on the other hand, are operated by running an electric current through the solenoid coil of the valve. The electromagnetic force created by the coil will force the valve to either open or close.

The number manual and solenoid valves that you have will depend on how much you want to automate your system. We recommend consulting a reliable irrigation equipment supplier if you’re unsure about the types of valves that you need to get.

Sprinkler Heads

The type of sprinkler head that you use will depend on the size of your lawn as well the type of foliage you’re trying to water.

Spray heads, for example, are typically used for small to medium sized lawns. This type of sprinkler puts out a lot of water at a very fast rate, creating a misty spray that evenly covers a wide area. This mist, however, can easily be blown away with a strong enough wind. So, if you live in a windy area, a spray head may not be for you.

Rotary spray heads, on the other hand, can cover medium to large lawns. As its name suggests, rotary spray heads use a slow-rotating mechanism to distribute water across a large surface area. Additionally, unlike spray heads, rotary sprinklers tend to have a slow water output. The combination of the rotating mechanism and the slow output allows the sprinkler to evenly distribute the optimal amount of water across your lawn.

Lastly, there are bubblers. Unlike rotary and spray heads, bubblers are used to water trees and shrubs rather than lawns. They are designed to create a small pool of water near the base of a plant so that the soil can quickly absorb it and provide moisture to the plants’ deep root system.

That was just a basic rundown of the main components of your average sprinkler system. In order to operate your sprinklers properly, you will need to understand the mechanisms that lie underneath the ground. Hopefully, this blog gives you a better grasp of how each component contributes to the entire sprinkler system.